We also follow the basic principles of agro-forestry in our vineyards. These techniques bring back the ancestral tradition of combining trees and bushes with crops. Following agro-forestry practices in wine-growing enterprises is still in its infancy.
There are multiple benefits to agro-forestry practices: biological soil fertility improves through rainwater filtration; roots reduce ground erosion; leaf and root decomposition increase organic matter; the planting of trees of the legume family improves soil nitrogen fixation; they contribute towards biodiversity by offering shelter to birds and insect pollinators; and there is a reduction in crop diseases due to the fact that harmful insects and tree fungi are balanced out.
Incorporating trees into the vineyards also has direct microclimate benefits, like wind filtration, a reduction of direct sunlight on the ground when the sun is most intense, and a contribution towards preserving soil moisture thanks to evapotranspiration. This last characteristic is becoming increasingly important with droughts being more and more frequent.